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Milk production, reproductive performance, and fecal excretion of phosphorus by dairy cows fed three amounts of phosphorus

Wu, Z., Satter, L.D., Sojo, R.
Journal of dairy science 2000 v.83 no.5 pp. 1028
dairy cows, milk yield, dietary minerals, phosphorus, feed intake, milk fat percentage, milk fat yield, milk protein yield, milk protein percentage, lactose, somatic cell count, body weight, liveweight gain, body condition, lactation curve, calcium, cattle manure, urine, digestibility, postpartum interval, calving interval, foot diseases, bovine mastitis, incidence, nutrient requirements, conception rate, feces composition
Milk production was measured and phosphorus (P) excretion in feces was estimated in dairy cows fed three amounts of P. A basal diet was formulated to contain 0.31% P (DM basis). Sodium monophosphate replaced corn in the basal diet to give two additional diets containing 0.40 and 0.49% P. The diets were fed to eight, nine, and nine multiparous Holsteins from the beginning to the end of lactation. Milk yields for the 308-d lactation were 10,790, 11,226, and 11,134 kg for the three treatments, respectively. The lowest milk yield resulted from decreased milk production during late lactation with the 0.31% P group. Reproductive performance of the cows was not related to dietary P content. Fecal P concentration, determined in wk 2, 4, 6, 8, 23, and 40 of lactation, increased as dietary P intake was increased. Cows fed the lowest P diet conserved P by minimizing P excretion in feces and urine, whereas cows in the other two treatments excreted more P through these routes. A reduction in dietary P from 0.49 to 0.40% reduced fecal P excretion by 23%. Apparent P digestibilities of less than 40% are indicative of surplus dietary P. Feeding 0.40% P appeared sufficient to maintain P balance and the level of milk production achieved in this experiment. An example is given which illustrates the relationship between dietary and fecal P.