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Quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis reveals both broad-spectrum and isolate-specific QTL for scab resistance in an apple progeny challenged with eight isolates of Venturia inaequalis
- Calenge, F., Faure, A., Goerre, M., Gebhardt, C., Weg, W.E. van de, Parisi, L., Durel, C.E.
- Phytopathology 2004 v.94 no.4 pp. 370-379
- Malus domestica, fruit trees, apples, scab diseases, Venturia inaequalis, plant pathogenic fungi, pathogenicity, disease resistance, genes, chromosome mapping, plant breeding, progeny testing, hybrids, genetic variation, quantitative trait loci, genotype, pathotypes, geographical variation, Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands, Switzerland
- The major scab resistance gene Vf, extensively used in apple breeding programs, was recently overcome by the new races 6 and 7 of the fungal pathogen Venturia inaequalis. New, more durable, scab resistance genes are needed in apple breeding programs. F(1) progeny derived from the cross between partially resistant apple cv. Discovery and apple hybrid 'TN10-8' were inoculated in the greenhouse with eight isolates of V. inaequalis, including isolates able to overcome Vf. One major resistance gene, Vg, and seven quantitative trait loci (QTL) were identified for resistance to these isolates. Three QTL on linkage group (LG)12, LG13, and LG15 were clearly isolate-specific. Another QTL on LG5 was detected with two isolates. Three QTL on LG1, LG2, and LG17 were identified with most isolates tested, but not with every isolate. The QTL on LG2 displayed alleles conferring different specificities. This QTL co-localized with the major scab resistance genes Vr and Vh8, whereas the QTL on LG1 co-localized with Vf. These results contribute to a better understanding of the genetic basis of the V. inaequalis-Malus x domestica interaction.