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Survival of Phytophthora infestans in surface water

Porter, L.D., Johnson, D.A.
Phytopathology 2004 v.94 no.4 pp. 380-387
Solanum tuberosum, potatoes, blight, Phytophthora infestans, plant pathogenic fungi, inoculum, sporangia, zoospores, pathogen survival, surface water, ultraviolet radiation, semiarid zones, temperature, cold, dose response, soil water, seasonal variation, disease outbreaks, Washington
Coverless petri dishes with water suspensions of sporangia and zoospores of Phytophthora infestans were embedded in sandy soil in eastern Washington in July and October 2001 and July 2002 to quantify longevity of spores in water under natural conditions. Effects of solar radiation intensity, presence of soil in petri dishes (15 g per dish), and a 2-h chill period on survival of isolates of clonal lineages US-8 and US-11 were investigated. Spores in water suspensions survived 0 to 16 days under nonshaded conditions and 2 to 20 days under shaded conditions. Mean spore survival significantly increased from 1.7 to 5.8 days when soil was added to the water. Maximum survival time of spores in water without soil exposed to direct sunlight was 2 to 3 days in July and 6 to 8 days in October. Mean duration of survival did not differ significantly between chilled and nonchilled sporangia, but significantly fewer chilled spores survived for extended periods than that of nonchilled spores. Spores of US-11 and US-8 isolates did not differ in mean duration of survival, but significantly greater numbers of sporangia of US-8 survived than did sporangia of US-11 in one of three trials.