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Transgenic Nicotiana occidentalis plants expressing the 50-kDa protein of Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus display increased susceptibility to homologous virus, but strong resistance to Grapevine berry inner necrosis virus

Yoshikawa, N., Gotoh, S., Umezawa, M., Satoh, N., Satoh, H., Takahashi, T., Ito, T., Yoshida, K.
Phytopathology 2000 v.90 no.3 pp. 311-316
Nicotiana, Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus, Apple stem grooving virus, Apple stem pitting virus, pathogenicity, leaves, genetic transformation, gene transfer, transgenic plants, gene expression, complementary DNA
The 50-kDa protein (P50) encoded by the open reading frame 2 of Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV), a putative movement protein, was expressed in transgenic Nicotiana occidentalis plants. P50 in transgenic plants was mainly detected in a modified form in the cell wall fraction, similar to that in infected leaves. The P50-expressing plants (P50 plants) complemented the systemic spread of the P50-defective mutants of an infectious cDNA clone of ACLSV (pCLSF), indicating that P50 in transgenic plants was functional. Severity of symptoms was greatly enhanced and accumulation of virus in upper leaves was increased in P50 plants inoculated with pCLSF or ACLSV compared with that in nontransgenic control plants (NT plants). Conversely, transgenic plants expressing the coat protein of ACLSV (CP plants) showed a significant delay in symptom development and a reduction of virus accumulation. However, most P50 plants inoculated with Grapevine berry inner necrosis virus (GINV), another species of the genus Trichovirus, neither developed obvious symptoms nor supported virus accumulation in inoculated or upper leaves. In contrast, systemic symptoms developed and virus accumulated equally in NT and CP plants inoculated with GINV. After inoculation with Apple stem grooving virus or Apple stem pitting virus, there was no difference in symptom development and virus accumulation among P50, CP, and NT plants. Our results indicate that transgenic plants expressing a functional P50 were more susceptible to homologous virus and, on the contrary, showed strong resistance to the heterologous virus GINV.