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Characterization and modelling of the hydrophobic domain of a sunflower oleosin

Alexander, L.G., Sessions, R.B., Clarke, A.R., Tatham, A.S., Shewry, P.R., Napier, J.A.
Planta 2002 v.214 no.4 pp. 546-551
Helianthus annuus, hydrophobicity, plant proteins, lipid bodies, seeds, chemical structure, amino acid sequences, complementary DNA, Escherichia coli, gene expression, peptides
The oleosins are a group of hydrophobic proteins present on the surface of oil bodies in seeds, where they are thought to prevent coalescence. They contain a central hydrophobic domain of 68-74 residues that is thought to form a loop into the triacylglycerol matrix of the oil body, but the conformation adopted by this sequence is uncertain. We have therefore expressed an oleosin cDNA from sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) in Escherichia coli as a fusion with maltose-binding protein (MBP) and isolated a peptide corresponding to the hydrophobic domain by sequential digestion with factor Xa (to remove the MBP) followed by trypsin and Staphylococcus V8 protease to remove the N- and C-terminal domains of the oleosin. Circular dichroism spectroscopy of the peptide in two solvent systems chosen to mimic the environment within the oil body (trifluoroethanol and SDS) demonstrated high proportions of alpha-helical structure, with no beta-sheet. A model was therefore developed in which the domain forms an alpha-helical hairpin structure, the two helices being separated by a turn region. We consider that this model is consistent with our current knowledge of oleosin structure and properties.