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Immunolocalization of cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase 2 (CAD 2) indicates a good correlation with cell-specific activity of CAD 2 promoter in transgenic poplar shoots

Samaj, J., Hawkins, S., Lauvergeat, V., Grima-Pettenati, J., Boudet, A.
Planta 1998 v.204 no.4 pp. 437-443
Populus alba, Populus tremula, hybrids, transgenic plants, immunohistochemistry, shoots, alcohol oxidoreductases, beta-glucuronidase, histochemistry, apical meristems, leaves, shoot meristems, tracheids, cambium, stems, xylem, phloem, parenchyma, enzyme activity, buds, roots, immunocytochemistry, endoplasmic reticulum, branching, reporter genes, promoter regions
Cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase 2 (CAD 2) localization and the cell-specific activity of the eucalyptus CAD 2 promoter were investigated by CAD 2 immunogold localization and promoter beta-glucuronidase (GUS) histochemistry in apical and mature parts of stable transformed poplar (Populus tremula x P. alba) stems. Both CAD 2 protein and GUS activity were found to be confined in the same types of cells in the shoot apices, particularly in the determined meristematic cells in leaf axils and shell zones, procambium and developing tracheids. Within mature stems, CAD 2 and GUS were also identified in cambium and in fully or partially lignified cells derived from it (young xylem, developing phloem fibres, chambered parenchyma cells around phloem). Additionally, GUS activity was found in the scale leaves of apical shoot buds and in the roots (namely in the procambium, cambium, phellogen, young xylem, pericycle) of transformed plants. By employing immunogold cytochemistry, CAD 2 was shown to be localized in the cytoplasm within cambial, ray and young xylem cells in stems, the gold particles being randomly attached to endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi-derived vesicles. These results support a crucial role for CAD 2 in lignification and indicate a new role for this enzyme in branching events within the shoot apex and during lateral root formation.