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Estimated realized gains for first-generation slash pine (Pinus elliottii var.elliottii) tree improvement in the southeastern United States

Vergara, R., White, T.L., Huber, D.A., Shiver, B.D., Rockwood, D.L.
Canadian journal of forest research 2004 v.34 no.12 pp. 2587-2600
Pinus elliottii, forest trees, genetic improvement, forest yields, tree yields, estimation, analysis of variance, statistical analysis, disease resistance, tree and stand measurements, tree growth, governmental programs and projects, silvicultural practices, tree age, seed orchards, Southeastern United States
Realized gains from selection of the first-generation breeding population of slash pine (Pinus elliottii Engelm. var. elliottii) were estimated using data from 38 field trials planted in large rectangular plots in the southeastern United States. The trials consisted of material selected for volume growth and planted by the Cooperative Forest Genetics Research Program at the University of Florida (19 trials) and by the Plantation Management Research Cooperative at the University of Georgia (19 trials). All trials contained slash pine seedlots collected from unrogued or lightly rogued first-generation seed orchards. Analyses of variance detected, on average, moderate gains in rust resistance (I50 = 43.1%) and site index (4.3%) and important gains in individual tree volume (7.7%) and stand yield (10.2%). Silvicultural treatments and age by realized gains interactions were never significant, but significant interactions between seedlots and trials showed that realized gains are not consistent at all sites. Overall results were highly consistent with predicted breeding values for rust resistance, but lower than expected for volume. On average, realized gain in stand yield for first-generation material was approximately 10%, or an extra inside-bark volume of 25 m3.ha(-1) (357 feet3.acre(-1)) at 25 years.