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Relationship of Exo-beta-D-galactofuranosidase kinetic parameters to the number of phosphodiesters in Penicillium fellutanum peptidophosphogalactomannan: enzyme purification and kinetics of glycopeptide and galactofuran chain hydrolysis
- Tuekam, B.A., Park, Y.I., Unkefer, C.J., Gander, J.E.
- Applied and environmental microbiology 2001 v.67 no.10 pp. 4648-4656
- enzyme activity, galactomannans, hydrolysis
- Extracellular Penicillium fellutanum exo-beta-D-galactofuranosidase, with a mass of 70 kDa, was purified to apparent homogeneity. The enzyme was used to investigate the influence of phosphodiesters of the peptidophosphogalactomannans pP2GM(ii) and pP25GM(ii) (containing 2 and 25 phosphodiester residues, respectively, per mol of polymer) on the kinetic parameters of galactofuranosyl hydrolysis of these two polymers, of 1-O-methyl-beta-D-galactofuranoside, and of two galactofuranooligosaccharides. The enzyme did not hydrolyze phosphorylated galactose residues of pP2GM(ii) or pP25GM(ii). The k(cat)/K(m) value for pP25GM(ii) is 1.7 x 10(3) M(-1) s(-1), that for 1-O-methyl-beta-D-galactofuranoside is 1.1 x 10(4) M(-1) s(-1), that for pP2GM(ii) is 1.7 x 10(4) M(-1) s(-1), and those for 5-O-beta-D-galactofuranooligosaccharides with degrees of polymerization of 3.4 and 5.5 are 1.7 x 10(5) and 4.1 x 10(5) M(-1) s(-1), respectively. Variability in the k(cat)/K(m) values is due primarily to differences in K(m) values; the k(-1)/k1 ratio likely provides the most influence on K(m). k(cat) increases as the degree of polymerization of galactofuranosyl residues increases. Most of the galactofuranosyl and phosphocholine residues were removed by day 8 in vivo from pP(x)GM(ii) added to day 3 cultures initiated in medium containing 2 mM phosphate but not from those initially containing 20 mM phosphate. The filtrates from day 9 cultures initiated in 2 mM inorganic phosphate in modified Raulin-Thom medium contained 0.2 mM inorganic phosphate and 2.2 U of galactofuranosidase ml(-1)h(-1). No galactofuranosidase activity but 15 mM inorganic phosphate was found in filtrates from day 9 cultures initiated in 20 mM phosphate. In vivo the rate of galactofuranosyl hydrolysis of pP(x)GM(ii) and of related polymers is proportional to the k(cat)/K(m) value of each polymer. The kinetic data show that the k(cat)/K(m) value increases as the number of phosphodiesters of pP(x)GM(ii) decreases, also resulting in an increase in the activity of exo-beta-D-galactofuranosidase.