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New additive for culture media for rapid identification of aflatoxin-producing Aspergillus strains
- Fente, C.A., Jaimez Ordaz, J., Vazquez, B.I., Franco, C.M., Cepeda, A.
- Applied and environmental microbiology 2001 v.67 no.10 pp. 4858-4862
- Aspergillus parasiticus, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus alutaceus, Aspergillus versicolor, culture media, aflatoxins, fluorescence
- A new reliable, fast, and simple method for the detection of aflatoxigenic Aspergillus strains, consisting of the addition of a cyclodextrin (a methylated beta-cyclodextrin derivative) to common media used for testing mycotoxin production ability, was developed. We propose the use of this compound as an additive for fungal culture media to enhance the natural fluorescence of aflatoxins. The production of aflatoxins coincided with the presence of a bright blue or blue-green fluorescent area surrounding colonies when observed under long-wavelength (365-nm) UV light after 3 days of incubation at 28 degrees C. The presence of aflatoxins was confirmed by extracting the medium with chloroform and examining the extracts by high-pressure liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection.