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Bacillus stearothermophilus neopullulanase selective hydrolysis of amylose to maltose in the presence of amylopectin

Kamasaka, H., Sugimoto, K., Takata, H., Nishimura, T., Kuriki, T.
Applied and environmental microbiology 2002 v.68 no.4 pp. 1658-1664
Bacillus stearothermophilus, O-glycoside hydrolases, amylases, enzyme activity, amylose, hydrolysis, maltose, amylopectin
The specificity of Bacillus stearothermophilus TRS40 neopullulanase toward amylose and amylopectin was analyzed. Although this neopullulanase completely hydrolyzed amylose to produce maltose as the main product, it scarcely hydrolyzed amylopectin. The molecular mass of amylopectin was decreased by only one order of magnitude, from approximately 10(8) to 10(7) Da. Furthermore, this neopullulanase selectively hydrolyzed amylose when starch was used as a substrate. This phenomenon, efficient hydrolysis of amylose but not amylopectin, was also observed with cyclomaltodextrinase from alkaliphilic Bacillus sp. strain A2-5a and maltogenic amylase from Bacillus licheniformis ATCC 27811. These three enzymes hydrolyzed cyclomaltodextrins and amylose much faster than pullulan. Other amylolytic enzymes, such as bacterial saccharifying alpha-amylase, bacterial liquefying alpha-amylase, beta-amylase, and neopullulanase from Bacillus megaterium, did not exhibit this distinct substrate specificity at all, i.e., the preference of amylose to amylopectin.