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Exopolysaccharide and kestose production by Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis LTH2590

Korakli, M., Pavlovic, M., Ganzle, M.G., Vogel, R.F.
Applied and environmental microbiology 2003 v.69 no.4 pp. 2073-2079
Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis, sucrose, carbohydrate metabolism, polysaccharides, kestose, fermentation, fructooligosaccharides, fructose, sourdough, starter cultures
The effect was investigated of sucrose concentration on sucrose metabolism and on the formation of exopolysaccharide (EPS) by Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis LTH2590 in pH-controlled fermentations with sucrose concentrations ranging from 20 to 160 g liter-1. The EPS production increased and the relative sucrose hydrolysis activity decreased by increasing the sucrose concentration in the medium. The carbon recovery decreased from 95% at a sucrose concentration of 30 g liter-1 to 58% at a sucrose concentration of 160 g liter-1 because of the production of an unknown metabolite by L. sanfranciscensis. This metabolite was characterized as a fructo-oligosaccharide. The oligosaccharide produced by L. sanfranciscensis was purified and characterized as a trisaccharide with a glucose/fructose ratio of 1:2. The comparison of the retention time of this oligosaccharide and that of pure oligosaccharide standards using two different chromatography methods revealed that the oligosaccharide produced by L. sanfranciscensis LTH2590 is 1-kestose. Kestose production increased concomitantly with the initial sucrose concentration in the medium.