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Antimicrobial effects of mustard flour and acetic acid against Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium
- Rhee, M.S., Lee, S.Y., Dougherty, R.H., Kang, D.H.
- Applied and environmental microbiology 2003 v.69 no.5 pp. 2959-2963
- Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium, food pathogens, antibacterial properties, acetic acid, mustard, flour, food preservatives, food preservation, inactivation, pathogen survival, storage temperature
- This study was designed to investigate the individual and combined effects of mustard flour and acetic acid in the inactivation of food-borne pathogenic bacteria stored at 5 and 22°C. Samples were prepared to achieve various concentrations by the addition of acetic acid (0, 0.5, or 1%) along with mustard flour (0, 10, or 20%) and 2% sodium chloride (fixed amount). Acid-adapted three-strain mixtures of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium strains (10(6) to 10(7) CFU/ml) were inoculated separately into prepared mustard samples stored at 5 and 22°C, and samples were assayed periodically. The order of bacterial resistance, assessed by the time required for the nominated populations to be reduced to undetectable levels against prepared mustards at 5°C, was S. enterica serovar Typhimurium (1 day) < E. coli O157:H7 (3 days) < L. monocytogenes (9 days). The food-borne pathogens tested were reduced much more rapidly at 22°C than at 5°C. There was no synergistic effect with regard to the killing of the pathogens tested with the addition of 0.5% acetic acid to the mustard flour (10 or 20%). Mustard in combination with 0.5% acetic acid had less bactericidal activity against the pathogens tested than did mustard alone. The reduction of E. coli O157:H7 and L. monocytogenes among the combined treatments on the same storage day was generally differentiated as follows: control < mustard in combination with 0.5% acetic acid < mustard alone < mustard in combination with 1% acetic acid < acetic acid alone. Our study indicates that acidic products may limit microbial growth or survival and that the addition of small amounts of acetic acid (0.5%) to mustard can retard the reduction of E. coli O157:H7 and L. monocytogenes. These antagonistic effects may be changed if mustard is used alone or in combination with >1% acetic acid.