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Cloning and characterization of three fatty alcohol oxidase genes from Candida tropicalis strain ATCC 20336

Eirich, L.D., Craft, D.L., Steinberg, L., Asif, A., Eschenfeldt, W.H., Stols, L., Donnelly, M.I., Wilson, C.R.
Applied and environmental microbiology 2004 v.70 no.8 pp. 4872-4879
Candida tropicalis, genes, alcohol oxidoreductases, nucleotide sequences, amino acid sequences, alcohols, fatty acids, enzyme activity
Candida tropicalis (ATCC 20336) converts fatty acids to long-chain dicarboxylic acids via a pathway that includes among other reactions the oxidation of omega-hydroxy fatty acids to omega-aldehydes by a fatty alcohol oxidase (FAO). Three FAO genes (one gene designated FAO1 and two putative allelic genes designated FAO2a and FAO2b), have been cloned and sequenced from this strain. A comparison of the DNA sequence homology and derived amino acid sequence homology between these three genes and previously published Candida FAO genes indicates that FAO1 and FAO2 are distinct genes. Both genes were individually cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The substrate specificity and K(m) values for the recombinant FAO1 and FAO2 were significantly different. Particularly striking is the fact that FAO1 oxidizes omega-hydroxy fatty acids but not 2-alkanols, whereas FAO2 oxidizes 2-alkanols but not omega-hydroxy fatty acids. Analysis of extracts of strain H5343 during growth on fatty acids indicated that only FAO1 was highly induced under these conditions. FAO2 contains one CTG codon, which codes for serine (amino acid 177) in C. tropicalis but codes for leucine in E. coli. An FAO2a construct, with a TCG codon (codes for serine in E. coli) substituted for the CTG codon, was prepared and expressed in E. coli. Neither the substrate specificity nor the K(m) values for the FAO2a variant with a serine at position 177 were radically different from those of the variant with a leucine at that position.