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Stomatal conductance in relation to xylem sap abscisic acid concentrations in two tropical trees, Acacia confusa and Litsea glutinosa

Author:
Liang, J., Zhang, J., Wong, M.H.
Source:
Plant, cell and environment 1996 v.19 no.1 pp. 93-100
ISSN:
0140-7791
Subject:
Acacia confusa, leaf conductance, stomatal conductance, abscisic acid, sap, xylem, soil water content, water stress, soil compaction
Abstract:
Two tropical trees, Acacia confusa and Litsea glutinosa, were grown under controlled conditions with their roots subjected to soil drying and soil compaction treatments. In both species, a decline in stomatal conductance resulting from soil drying took place much earlier than the decline of leaf water potential. Soil compaction treatment also resulted in a substantial decrease in stomatal conductance but had little effect on leaf water potential. A rapid and substantial increase in xylem abscisic acid (ABA) concentration ([ABA]), rather than bulk leaf ABA, was closely related to soil drying and soil compaction. A significant relationship between stomatal conductance (gs) and xylem [ABA] was observed in both species. Artificially feeding ABA solutions to excised leaves of both species showed that the relationship between gs and [ABA] was very similar to that obtained from the whole plant, i.e. the relationship between gs and xylem [ABA]. These results suggest that xylem ABA may act as a stress signal in the control of stomatal conductance.
Agid:
1412100