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Ecotypic differences and performance of the genetic resources of cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata L.) in north-east Spain

Lindner, R., Lema, M., Garcia, A.
Grass and forage science 1999 v.54 no.4 pp. 336-346
Dactylis glomerata, ecotypes, plant genetic resources, quantitative traits, allozymes, genetic variation, adaptation, field experimentation, leaves, length, vigor, gene flow, inflorescences, seasonal variation, fungal diseases of plants, biological resistance, population, Spain
Quantitative traits and allozymes were used in two experiments to clarify the ecotypic differentiation of natural cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata) populations from north-west Spain. Thirty-nine populations belonging to the four main ecotypes in Galicia were cultivated in two field experiments. In the first experiment, there were significant differences between ecotypes for heading date, flag leaf length, growth habit and vigour. Coastal populations were the least infected by rust. In the second experiment, allozyme markers presumed to be diagnostic for ssp. glomerata vs. izcoi (TO1 1.00, TO1 1.03) were found in all populations studied (ten tetraploids and one diploid izcoi). This suggests that gene flow occurs between coastal and interior populations. Culm and panicle lengths of tetraploids (without application of fertilizer) were inside the izcoi range in 1997, but some plants from all populations exceeded it in 1998. It is concluded that ssp. izcoi also occurs on the coast. Populations with a high level of complementary seasonal growth were detected.