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Effects of miso and NaCl on the development of colonic aberrant crypt foci induced by azoxymethane in F344 rats

Masaoka, Y., Watanabe, H., Katoh, O., Ito, A., Dohi, K.
Nutrition and cancer 1998 v.32 no.1 pp. 25-28
miso, weight, dose response, liver, body weight, disease prevention, experimental diets, animal models, sodium chloride, intestinal mucosa, carcinogens, rats, azoxymethane, dietary supplements, colon
The present study was designed to investigate the effects of dietary miso and NaCl supplementation on the development of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) induced by azoxymethane (AOM) in male F344 rats. A total of 76 rats, six weeks of age, were divided into seven groups and given weekly subcutaneous injections of AOM (15 mg/kg body wt) for three weeks to induce ACF. The animals were placed on diets one week before the first AOM dosing. Group 1 was fed a normal diet as a control. Groups 2-4 were fed diets containing 5%, 10%, and 20% miso, respectively, and Groups 5 and 6 were fed diets containing 2.2% and 4.4% NaCl, respectively, for five weeks. Group 7 was fed a normal diet without carcinogen exposure. Dietary miso inhibited the development of ACF in a dose-dependent manner (y = -3.9x + 140, r = -0.94) Thus the mean numbers of ACF per colon were significantly lower in Groups 3 and 4 than in Group 1 (p < 0.01), and there were fewer aberrant crypts per colon in Group 4 than in Group 1. NaCl supplementation was associated with fewer ACF, but this was not statistically significant. 5-Bromo-2'-deoxyuridine labeling indexes in the colonic epithelium were significantly lower in Group 3 than in Group 1 (p < 0.05). The present results indicate that dietary miso could act as a chemopreventive agent for colon carcinogenesis.