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Dietary fiber differentially alters cellular fatty acid-binding protein expression in exfoliated colonocytes during tumor development

Chapkin, R.S., Clark, A.E., Davidson, L.A., Schroeder, F., Zoran, D.L., Lupton, J.R.
Nutrition and cancer 1998 v.32 no.2 pp. 107-112
fatty acids, food intake, carcinogens, messenger RNA, dietary fiber, wheat bran, neoplasms, body weight, experimental diets, binding proteins, cells, feces, gene expression, animal models, oat bran, rats, incidence, prediction, colon
We investigated the utility of noninvasive technology utilizing feces containing exfoliated colonocytes to determine whether changes in fecal fatty acid-binding proteins have predictive value in monitoring the neoplastic process. Ninety male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups in a 2 x 2 factorial design, with two dietary fiber sources (wheat bran or oat bran) and two treatment groups (injection with a carcinogen, azoxymethane, or saline). Fresh fecal samples were collected at Week 16 postinjection, and tumor frequency was determined at Week 36 of the study Semiquantitative "mimic" reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction was used to quantitate the expression of liver fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP), intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (i-FABP), and acyl CoA-binding protein (ACBP) mRNA in fecal samples to establish their prognostic value. Rats fed wheat bran diets had a lower incidence of tumors (p < 0.05). There was no effect of carcinogen injection or tumor incidence on the expression of L-FABP, i-FABP, or ACBP mRNA. L-FABP and i-FABP mRNA expression were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in feces from animals fed a wheat bran diet than in feces from animals fed an oat bran diet. In contrast, the expression of ACBP mRNA was significantly lower (p < 0.05) in animals fed a wheat bran diet than in animals fed an oat bran diet. Wheat bran also increased (p < 0.05) the total excretion of L-FABP, i-FABP, and ACBP over a 48-hour period. These data suggest that exfoliated colonocyte fatty acid-binding protein mRNA status may provide insight into the mechanisms by which diet influences colonic physiology.