Main content area

Prospects of applying a combination of DNA transposition and site-specific recombination in plants: a strategy for gene identification and cloning

Haaren, M.J.J. van., Ow, D.W.
Plant molecular biology 1993 v.23 no.3 pp. 525-533
plants, Zea mays, bacteriophages, genes, insertional mutagenesis, transposons, genetic transformation, transgenic plants, mutagenesis, genetic recombination
The concept of gene identification and cloning using insertional mutagenesis is well established. Many genes have been isolated using T-DNA transformation or transposable elements. Maize transposable elements have been introduced into heterologous plant species for tagging experiments. The behaviour of these elements in heterologous hosts shows many similarities with transposon behaviour in Zea mays. Site-specific recombination systems from lower organisms have also been shown to function efficiently in plant cells. Combining transposon and site-specific recombination systems in plants would create the possibility to induce chromosomal deletions. This 'transposition-deletion' system could allow the screening of large segments of the genome for interesting genes and may also permit the cloning of the DNA corresponding to the deleted material by the same site-specific recombination reaction in vitro. This methodology may provide a unique means to construct libraries of large DNA clones derived from defined parts of the genome, the phenotypic contribution of which is displayed by the mutant carrying the deletion.