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Presence of double-stranded RNA and virus-like particles in Phaffia rhodozyma
- Castillo, A., Cifuentes, V.
- Current genetics 1994 v.26 no.4 pp. 364-368
- RNA, Deuteromycotina, cytotoxicity
- Four double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) molecules were isolated from Phaffia rhodozyma UCD 67-385. Their molecular sizes were approximately 4.3, 3.1, 0.9 and 0.75 kilobase pairs (kbp) as determined by agarose-gel electrophoresis and they were designated as L, M, S1 and S2, respectively. By differential centrifugation in sucrose gradients, these dsRNAs copurified with isometric virus-like particles 36 nm in diameter. A cured strain, UV-S2, lacking the S2-dsRNA was obtained from P. rhodozyma UCD 67-385 by ultraviolet (UV) light treatment. UV-S2 strain contains identical virus-like particles to those from the wild-type strain, as determined by electron microscopy, suggesting that the S2-dsRNA was not essential for the expression of mycovirus structural polypeptides. On the other hand, both the UCD 67-385 and UV-S2 strains were able to kill P. rhodozyma UCD 67-383, a strain without dsRNAs. These results suggest that the dsRNA molecules also encode a killer system. Finally, the W-S2 strain maintains killer ability, which suggests that S2-dsRNA is not involved in the killer phenotype expression.