Main content area

Introgression of a gene for delayed pigment gland morphogenesis from Gossypium bickii into upland cotton

Zhu, S.J., Reddy, N., Jiang, Y.R.
Plant breeding 2005 v.124 no.6 pp. 590-594
Gossypium arboreum, Gossypium, wild relatives, plant breeding, interspecific hybridization, genes, introgression, morphogenesis, plant development, plant glands, chromosome pairing, hybrids
The presence of gossypol and its derivatives above the WHO/FAO standards (0.02-0.04%) in cotton seed oil and meal limits its usage as food and feed. To the contrary, the presence of pigment glands filled with gossypol and its derivatives helps to protect cotton plants from phytophageous pests. Thus a desirable cultivar would have glandless seeds on a glanded plant. This paper describes results on the successful introgression of this trait from Gossypium bickii into cultivated upland cotton. Five different tri-specific hybrids (ABH1, ABH2, ABH3, ABH4 and ABH5) were obtained by crossing the amphidiploid F1 (G. arboreum x G. bickii) with different gland genotypes of G. hirsutum as male parent. The hybrids were highly sterile, and their chromosome configuration at meiosis metaphase 1 (M1) in pollen mother cell (PMC) was 2n = 52 = 41.04 I + 4.54 II + 0.57 III + 0.04 IV. All five hybrids were similar in morphological characters, except for the gland expression and gossypol contents. The hybrid (ABH3) derived from genotype Gl2Gl2gl3gl3 of upland cotton (a single gene dominant line) had completely introgressed the target trait of G. bickii. While ABH1 and ABH2, which derived from recessive (gl2gl2gl3gl3) or dominant (Gl(e)2Gl(e)2) glandless upland cotton genotypes, had glandless seeds too, but the density and size of the glands on the plant were reduced significantly.