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Citrus rootstock and carbon dioxide enriched irrigation influence on seedling emergence, growth, and nutrient content

Stoffella, P.J., Li, Y.C., Pelosi, R.R., Hamner, A.M.
Journal of plant nutrition 1995 v.18 no.7 pp. 1439-1448
Citroncirus webberi, Citrus reticulata, Citrus limon, Citrus aurantium, seedling emergence, seedling growth, rootstocks, irrigation water, carbon dioxide, chlorophyll, shoots, roots, dry matter accumulation, dry matter partitioning, nutrient content, mineral content, nitrogen content
Seeds of Carrizo citrange (Citrus senensis (L.) Osb. X Poncirus trifoliata (L.), Cleopatra mandarin (C. reticulata Blanco), Sour orange (C. aurantium L.), and Rough lemon (C. limon (Burm f.) were sown in trays, irrigated without or with enriched Carbon dioxide (CO2) (1,362 mg L-1) and evaluated for seedling emergence, growth, and nutrient contents. Rough lemon had a faster rate and higher percent emergence than the other rootstocks. Carrizo citrange had thicker stem diameters and taller seedlings than other rootstocks. Cleopatra mandarin had the smallest seedling shoot and root weights and larger shoot:root ratios than Rough lemon and Sour orange. Carrizo citrange and Cleopatra mandarin had higher leaf chlorophyll-a and total chlorophyll content than Rough lemon or Sour orange. Carbon dioxide enriched irrigation had no effects on emergence or seedling growth variables except lower root weight. Lower media pH (6.90 versus 5.65), attributed to CO2 enriched irrigation, may have adversely affected root growth as compared to shoot characteristics. Leaf nutrient contents generally differed between rootstocks but were not affected by CO2 enriched water except for higher Zn and lower Mn contents. These results indicate that citrus seedling emergence, subsequent growth and leaf nutrient content differed between rootstocks but there are no beneficial effect from CO2 enriched irrigation.