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Comparison of hydroponic solutions for poinsettia nutritional studies
- Whipker, B.E., Hammer, P.A.
- Journal of plant nutrition 1998 v.21 no.3 pp. 531-543
- Euphorbia pulcherrima, hydroponics, nutrient solutions, calcium nitrate, potassium nitrate, nitric acid, trace elements, phosphorus, cultivars, leaves, stems, potassium, nutrient content, calcium, magnesium, roots, application rate, ammonium nitrate, ammonium compounds
- Poinsettia cultivars Supjibi and Freedom were grown in eight hydroponic solutions to develop a baseline solution for further nutritional studies. Four solutions contained nitrogen (N) from Ca(NO3)2.4H2O and KNO3 (denoted as -NH4) and four contained Ca(NO3)2.4H2O, KNO3, nitric acid, and NH4NO3 as the N sources (denoted as +NH4). The four -NH4 and +NH4 solutions were further divided by an 1X or 2X rate of micronutrients [boron (B), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo), and zinc (Zn)] (denoted as 1X or 2X). A factorial of these four solutions at 2 concentrations (100 mg L-1 of N and potassium (K) and 15 mg L-1 phosphorus (P), or 300 mg L-1 of N and K and 46 mg L-1 P) was studied. Greater leaf and stem dry weight for both 'Supjibi' and 'Freedom' was observed in plants grown with the +NH4 solutions, with a larger increase occurring with 'Supjibi'. Leaf NH4-N content for both cultivars was higher for both the 100 and 300 mg L-1 N and K fertilization rates when NH4-N was included. The leaf K content was highest for the plants grown with the +NH4/2X solution for 'Supjibi', for both fertilization rates, and leaf K content increased as the K application rate increased. Results indicate that for nutritional studies with poinsettias, hydroponic solutions should include between 12.5% to 33% of the N in the NH4 form, a calcium:magnesium (Ca:Mg) ratio of 2:1, and a micronutrient concentration of mg L-1) 0.5, 0.02, 6.6, 0.5, 0.1, and 0.05, respectively, for B, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, and Zn, for adequate plant growth.