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Yield components of soybean plants infected with soybean cyst nematode and sprayed with foliar applications of boron and magnesium

Smith, G., Wiebold, W., Niblack, T.L., Scharf, P., Blevins, D.
Journal of plant nutrition 2000 v.23 no.6 pp. 827-834
Glycine max, Heterodera glycines, yield components, foliar application, boron, magnesium, pods, population density, branches, nutrient-nutrient interactions, sexual reproduction, cultivars, Missouri
Investigations into the effect of soybean cyst nematode (SCN, Heterodera glycines, Ichinoe) on the yield components of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] have shown that pod numbers are reduced with increasing SCN initial populations (Pi) present in the soil at planting. The main method by which SCN alters pod numbers is through reductions in the number of branches per plant. Foliar applications of boron (B) and B in combination with magnesium (Mg) (B + Mg) increase yield of soybean not infected with SCN by increasing pod number per plant, especially the number of pods on branches. The objective of this research was to determine if foliar applications of B and B + Mg ameliorates the effect of SCN by increasing yield on branches. Field experiments were conducted in 1993 and 1994 in 1 m2 microplots to compare foliar applied B and B + Mg to a control treatment. Foliar applications were made at four intervals spaced throughout soybean reproductive development of Pioneer brand 9391, an SCN susceptible cultivar. There were 12 levels of SCN Pi in 1993 and 11 levels in 1994. For each treatment, including control, grain yield was regressed on SCN Pi. Yield was reduced with increasing SCN Pi in both years, but the rate of decrease did not differ among treatments. In addition, ANOVA of yield components revealed no treatment effects on the number of branches per plant, the number of branch pods per plant, or the total number of pods per plant. Thus, foliar applications of B or B + Mg did not ameliorate the effects of SCN on soybean.