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A rapid technique for the evaluation of potato germ plasm for susceptibility to pink rot

Peters, R.D., Sturz, A.V.
Plant disease 2001 v.85 no.8 pp. 833-837
germplasm, cultivars, genetic resistance, fungal diseases of plants, Solanum tuberosum, plant genetic resources, Phytophthora erythroseptica, Prince Edward Island
Disease-free plantlets of 20 potato cultivars commonly grown in Prince Edward Island were inoculated with zoospore suspensions of Phytophthora erythroseptica, the causal agent of pink rot, to determine disease response. All inoculated cultivars developed disease symptoms relative to noninoculated controls, but disease severity differed significantly (P = 0.05) among cultivars. Plantlets of the cultivars Goldrush and Yukon Gold were consistently the most susceptible to the disease, whereas plantlets of cultivars Butte and Russet Burbank were the least susceptible. Most of the cultivars assessed were moderately susceptible to disease. Plantlets of potato cultivars with late-season field maturity were more resistant to disease than those with early or midseason maturity. Isolates of P. erythroseptica from diverse regions of Prince Edward Island and Maine did not differ significantly (P = 0.05) in pathogenicity. The screening protocol described was a reliable technique to determine the relative resistance of nontuber potato germ plasm to disease, resulting from infection with P. erythroseptica.