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Reproductive responses to photoperiod and temperature by diapausing and nondiapausing populations of Sesamia nonagrioides Lef. (Lepidoptera-Noctuidae)

Fantinou, A.A., Perdikis, D.C., Zota, K.F.
Physiological entomology 2004 v.29 no.2 pp. 169-175
Sesamia nonagrioides, insect reproduction, oviposition, fecundity, egg hatchability, photoperiod, photoperiodism, ambient temperature, longevity, diapause, duration, pupae, body weight, boring insects
The influence of long- and short-day cycles on ovipostion and egg hatch of the corn stalk borer, Sesamia nonagrioides were investigated at a range of temperatures. Oviposition was suppressed when insects are exposed to long days through their immature stages and then transferred to short days after mating. Moreover, mean oviposition and egg hatch increased from 15 to 27.5°C, whereas oviposition declined significantly at 30°C at both photoperiodic regimes. Females derived from a diapausing population exposed to long days after mating showed a significantly higher egg production compared to females derived from a nondiapausing population. However, when females from a diapausing population were left to oviposit under short days, fewer eggs were produced compared to those exposed to long days after mating. Thus, photoperiod appears to affect reproductive traits of this species in a quantitative manner. Larval diapause duration is positively correlated with fecundity of the adults. There is also a positive correlation between pupal weight of individuals derived from a diapausing population and the postdiapause fecundity of adults.