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Determination of Soluble Phosphorus in the Presence of Organic Ligands or Fluoride

He, Z. L., Baligar, V. C., Ritchey, K. D., Martens, D. C.
Soil Science Society of America journal 1998 v.62 no.6 pp. 1538-1541
oxalates, citrates, acetates, fluorides, nutrient availability, molybdates, soil analysis, color, phosphorus
In the ascorbic acid-molybdenum blue method for measurement of soluble P, the relationship between color intensity and P concentration in solution and color stability is greatly affected by organic and inorganic ligands such as oxalate, citrate, tartrate, or F. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of these ligands and to optimize the conditions for determination of inorganic P in the presence of the interfering ligand. The critical concentrations of the ligand at which P recovery was significantly decreased were 1.5 mM for oxalate, 3.0 mM for citrate or tartrate, and 10 mM for fluoride. The interference of the ligand with P determination was overcome by excess amounts of ammonium molybdate (AM) added before the color developing reagent (CDR). The critical molybdate/ligand molar ratios (excluding the amount of molybdate added in the CDR) required to completely eliminate the interference of the ligand were 1.12 for oxalate, 0.84 for citrate, 0.56 for fluoride, and 0.34 for tartrate. The presence of ligand and excess amount of AM did not affect the linearity of color intensity against P concentration but did alter the slope, suggesting that the modified method is reliable for P determination in the presence of an interfering ligand provided that the standard curve is prepared in the same matrix as the sample.