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Mapping of QTLs for androgenetic response based on a molecular genetic map of x Triticosecale Wittmack
- Gonzalez, J.M., Muniz, L.M., Jouve, N.
- Genome = 2005 v.48 no.6 pp. 999-1019
- Triticosecale, quantitative trait loci, androgenesis, anthers, embryo (plant), amplified fragment length polymorphism, microsatellite repeats, random amplified polymorphic DNA technique, doubled haploids, linkage groups, chromosomes, chromosome mapping, plantlets, in vitro regeneration
- Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for androgenetic response were mapped in a doubled haploid (DH) population derived from the F1 hybrid of 2 unrelated varieties of triticale, 'Torote' and 'Presto'. A molecular marker linkage map of this cross was previously constructed using 73 DH lines. This map contains 356 markers (18 random amplified 5polymorphic DNA, 40 random amplified microsatellite polymorphics, 276 amplified fragment length polymorphisms, and 22 simple sequence repeats) and was used for QTL analysis. The genome was well covered, and of the markers analysed, 336 were located in 21 linkage groups (81.9%) identified using SSR markers. The map covered a total length of 2465.4 cM with an average of 1 marker for each 6.9 cM. The distribution of the markers was not homogeneous across the 3 genomes, with 50.7% detected in the R genome. Several QTLs were found for the following variables related to the androgenetic response: number of embryos/100 anthers; plants regenerated from 100 embryos; number of green plants/total number of plants; and number of green plants/1000 anthers. Two were detected on chromosome 6B and 4R, which together had a 30% total influence on the induction of embryos. Another was found on 6B and on the unidentified LG1; these influenced the production of total plants from haploid embryo cultures. One QTL on chromosome 3R determined the photosynthetic viability of the haploid plantlets regenerated from microspores. Other QTLs were found on chromosomes 1B, 1R, 4R, and 7R, which helped the control of the final androgenetic response (the number of plantlets obtained for every 1000 anthers cultured).