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Synaptonemal complex analysis of domestic sheep (Ovis aries) with Robertsonian translocations. II. Trivalent and pairing abnormalities in Massey I and Massey II heterozygotes

Dai, K., Gillies, C.B., Dollin, A.E.
Genome 1994 v.37 no.4 pp. 679-689
karyotyping, synaptonemal complex, autosomes, X chromosome, sheep, spermatocytes, chromosome pairing, heterozygosity, Y chromosome, chromosome translocation
Zygotene and pachytene spermatocytes from Massey I (t1 5;26) and Massey II (ts 8;11) translocation heterozygotes each contained one trivalent, often delayed in pairing, while cells from double Massey translocation heterozygotes had two such trivalents. As meiosis progressed, trivalents became fully paired, with acrocentric axes in a cis configuration. Abnormal pairing configurations often resulted from interactions between unpaired chromosome axes or segments. However, when two Massey trivalents were present in the same nucleus, there was no pairing interaction between them. In different Massey translocation heterozygotes, trivalent-involved pairing abnormalities occurred in 14-28% of cells, with XY-trivalent and XY-bivalent-trivalent associations being as high as 7.1-23.1%. In spermatocytes from single and double Massey translocation heterozygotes with normal-sized testes, the total SC abnormality frequency was 34.4% for the t1 heterozygotes, 27.1% for the t2 heterozygotes, and 21.4% for the double heterozygote. One Massey II heterozygote with one normal and one small testis had significantly higher SC abnormality frequency (54%) than normal rams. A trisomic cell was recorded in one ram and two hyperdiploid cells in another ram, but these were unrelated to the translocations. It is suggested that resolution of pairing abnormalities by synaptic adjustment is important in reducing the effects on fertility of the translocations.