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Different chromosomal distribution patterns of radiation-induced interchange breakpoints in barley: first post-treatment mitosis versus viable offspring
- Kunzel, G., Gecheff, K.I., Schubert, I.
- Genome 2001 v.44 no.1 pp. 128-132
- mitosis, Hordeum vulgare, chromatin, chromosome translocation, density
- Translocation breakpoints (TBs) induced by ionizing radiation are nonrandomly distributed along barley chromosomes. When first post-treatment mitoses were evaluated, centromeres and the heterochromatin-containing proximal segments tended to be more than randomly involved, and terminal segments to be less than randomly involved in translocations. Contrary to this, small chromosomal regions in median and distal arm positions, characterized by high recombination rates and high gene density, were identified as preferred sites for the origination of viable translocations, probably due to deviations in chromatin organization. Apparently, the position of a TB has an influence on the rate of viability versus elimination of the carrier cells. Surprisingly, TBs within centromeres and heterochromatin-containing segments seem to be more harmful for survival than those induced in gene-rich regions.