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Conditioning as a factor in parasitoid host plant preference
- Coaker, T.H., Cheah, C.A.
- Biocontrol science and technology 1993 v.3 no.3 pp. 277-283
- Chrysanthemum, Lactuca sativa, leafminers, biological control agents, host preferences, parasites
- The relative effects of larval and adult conditioning on Diglyphus isaea host plant preference and subsequent parasitism were investigated. Parasitoid larvae were reared on Chromatomyia syngenesiae on lettuce, chrysanthemum or in isolation, and female parasitoids were exposed to hosts on either lettuce or chrysanthemum. Hosts on lettuce and chrysanthemum were then presented to assess parasitoid preference. Larval and adult D. isaea conditioning only, slightly affected the females selection of host plant type on which the host larvae were located. The major effect of conditioning was a reduction in the number of eggs laid after larvae and adults were conditioned on chrysanthemum and particularly when both stages were conditioned on this host plant.