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A benzothiadiazole derivative induces systemic acquired resistance in tobacco

Friedrich, L., Lawton, K., Ruess, W., Masner, P., Specker, N., Rella, M.G., Meier, B., Dincher, S., Staub, T., Uknes, S.
The plant journal 1996 v.10 no.1 pp. 61-70
Nicotiana tabacum, disease resistance, gene expression, salicylic acid, biochemical pathways, transgenic plants, Tobacco mosaic virus, cycloheximide, plant pathogenic fungi, genes, messenger RNA, azoles, pathogenesis-related proteins, operon
Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) is a pathogen-induced disease resistance response in plants that is characterized by broad spectrum disease control and an associated coordinate expression of a set of SAR genes. Benzo(1,2,3)-thiadiazol-7-carbothioic acid S-methyl ester (BTH) is a novel synthetic chemical capable of inducing disease resistance in a number of dicotyledenous and monocotyledenous plant species. In this report, the response of tobacco plants to BTH treatment is characterized and the fact that it controls disease by activating SAR is demonstrated. BTH does not cause an accumulation of salicylic acid (SA), an intermediate in the SAR signal transduction pathway. As BTH also induces disease resistance and gene expression in transgenic plants expressing the nahG gene, it appears to activate the SAR signal transduction pathway at the site of or downstream of SA accumulation. BTH, SA and TMV induce the PR-1a promoter using similar cis-acting elements and gene expression is blocked by cycloheximide treatment. Thus, BTH induces SAR based on all of the physiological and biochemical criteria that define SAR in tobacco.