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Essential oil composition of four popular Indian cultivars of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
- Menon, A.N., Padmakumari, K.P., Jayalekshmy, A., Gopalakrishnan, M., Narayanan, C.S.
- The Journal of essential oil research 2000 v.12 no.4 pp. 431-434
- Piper nigrum, black pepper, essential oils, food composition, cultivars, alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, limonene, chemical constituents of plants, beta-caryophyllene, India
- Four popular cultivars of black pepper from Kerala viz. 'Karimunda,' 'Kalluvally,' 'Arakulam munda' and 'Thommankody' were analyzed for a period of three consecutive seasons for their oil composition. Fifty five compounds were identified in the oils by GC and GC/MS. The main components were alpha-pinene (2.4-11.4%), beta-pinene (2.0-15.27%), delta-3-carene (0.1-21.0%), limonene (9.4-21.9%) and beta-caryophyllene (19.8-45.3%).