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Migration Following Resettlement of the Gwembe Tonga of Zambia: The Consequences for Children's Growth

Author:
Crooks, Deborah L., Cliggett, Lisa, Gillett-Netting, Rhonda
Source:
Ecology of food and nutrition 2008 v.47 no.4 pp. 363-381
ISSN:
0367-0244
Subject:
children, child nutrition, geographical variation, food security, food availability, underweight, growth retardation, temporal variation, people, Zambia
Abstract:
In 1958, 57,000 Gwembe Tonga people were forcibly relocated by a large-scale hydroelectric development project. The land on which they were resettled was insufficient to sustain their livelihoods, and many later chose to migrate to a frontier zone north and west of the Gwembe Valley to secure additional land for farming. Guided by human adaptability theory, we use child growth as a measure of success of the migration strategy, and find that in 2004, migrant children were growing better than pre-resettlement (1957/58) and post-resettlement (1993) Gwembe Tonga children. In addition, fewer migrant children were stunted and underweight than their earlier counterparts in the Gwembe Valley.
Agid:
1453396