Main content area

Productivity and Chemical Composition of Tomato and Cucumber Plants Growing in Natural Soils Fertilized with Biona-312

Matraszek, Renata, Szymanska, Maria, Chomczynska, Mariola, Soldatov, Vladimir S.
Communications in soil science and plant analysis 2008 v.39 no.15-16 pp. 2343-2358
Solanum lycopersicum var. lycopersicum, tomatoes, Cucumis sativus, cucumbers, crop yield, ion exchange resins, soil amendments, nutrient availability, mineral content, plant nutrition, application rate, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, calcium, fertilizers
This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of small additions of ion exchange substrate, Biona-312, to soil on the yield and mineral composition of cherry tomato cv. 'Koralik' and cucumber cv. 'Hermes F1.' The test plants were grown under greenhouse conditions and subjected to 0, 2, and 5% (mass) Biona-312 doses introduced into the soil. The study results showed that Biona-312 introduced into soil significantly increased the yield of the test species at the flowering and fruiting stage. Soil enrichment with 2 and 5% Biona additions generally increased the nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium (N-P-K) content in tomato and cucumber organs at the flowering and fruiting stage with parallel magnesium (Mg) and calcium (Ca) content decrease. Introduction of nutrients together with the ion exchange substrate did not cause negative effects of overfertilization, and thus the ion exchange substrate can be recommended as a fertilizer in tomato and cucumber cultivation.