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Chemical Composition of the Leaf Oils of Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) Burtt et Smith and A. purpurata (Vieill) K. Schum. From Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
- Victorio, C.P., Leitao, S.G., Lage, C.L.S.
- The Journal of essential oil research 2010 v.22 no.1 pp. 52-54
- quantitative analysis, beta-pinene, gamma-terpinene, essential oils, alpha-pinene, medicinal plants, beta-caryophyllene, Alpinia purpurata, seasonal variation, chemical constituents of plants, Alpinia zerumbet, leaves, Brazil
- Fresh leaves of Alpinia zerumbet and A. purpurata (Zingiberaceae) were collected in Rio de Janeiro city and subjected to hydrodistillation; their chemical composition was analyzed by GC/MS. These species are used as ornamental plants and in folk medicine. Variations in the leaf oils content and composition of A. zerumbet were found between April and August 2005. In April, the main constituents identified in leaf oil of A. zerumbet were terpinen-7-al (40.5%) and sabinene hydrate (15.4%); in August, the major components identified were terpinen-4-ol (29.4%) and 1,8-cineole (23.1%). Leaf oil of A. purpurata was rich in β-pinene (34.7%) and α-pinene (11.8%).