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Evaluation of antibiotic effects on phosphorus digestibility and utilization by growing-finishing pigs fed a phosphorus-deficient, corn-soybean meal diet

Lindemann, M.D., Quant, A.D., Monegue, J.S., Wang, M., Cromwell, G.L., Newman, M.C.
Journal of animal science 2010 v.88 no.5 pp. 1752-1758
swine, food animals, swine feeding, finishing, phosphorus, nutrient intake, dietary minerals, feed rations, intestinal absorption, nutrient uptake, nutrient availability, bacitracin, tylosin, medicated feeds, feed additives, nutrient balance, feces, urine, feed intake, dry matter intake, calcium, nutrient-nutrient interactions, intestinal microorganisms
Evaluations of the nutritional impact of antibiotics have largely centered on effects related to the digestibility and utilization of protein and energy. Recent research has demonstrated that virginiamycin increases P digestibility. Because of the importance of P in diet cost and in waste management plans, the present study evaluated the potential impact of 2 additional antibiotics, bacitracin methylene disalicylate (bacitracin) and tylosin, on P digestibility in swine. A total of 48 barrows (mean initial BW, 63.0 to 82.9 kg) were used in 2 nutrient balance experiments. A basal corn-soybean meal diet that was not supplemented with any inorganic source of P was used in each experiment. In Exp. 1, two diets were tested: basal vs. basal plus 33.1 mg of bacitracin/kg of diet. In Exp. 2, two diets were also tested: basal vs. basal plus 44.1 mg of tylosin/kg of diet. In both experiments, the pigs were fed their diets for a minimum of 12 d before fecal and urine collection, and pigs were fed the diet at 2.7% of BW during the adaptation and collection period. In Exp. 1, the apparent DM, Ca, and P digestibility values for the basal and bacitracin diets were 91.69, 65.96, and 43.03 vs. 91.47, 65.46, and 41.79%, respectively, and did not differ by diet. In Exp. 2, the DM, Ca, and P digestibility values for the basal and tylosin diets were 91.03, 62.17, and 38.80 vs. 91.11, 63.20, and 40.10%, respectively, and did not differ by diet. The effect of the antibiotics on gut microflora was also appraised but the evaluations failed to demonstrate an effect on the microflora measured, with the exception that tylosin decreased the number of phytate-utilizing bacteria (P = 0.05). Therefore, because these 2 antibiotics did not demonstrate an improvement in P digestibility, improvements in P digestibility seem to be an antibiotic-specific response rather than a generalized antibiotic response.