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Seasonal occurrence of runoff and erosion from a sandy soil in vegetable production
- Brill, G.D., Neal, O.R.
- Agronomy journal 1950 v.42 no.4 pp. 192-195
- vegetables, crop production, sandy soils, soil erosion, runoff, rain, losses from soil, seasonal variation, cover crops, winter, New Jersey
- A study of rainfall intensity as related to runoff and erosion shows that in Central New Jersey the critical period of erosion hazard is during the summer and early fall with a peak in July. A comparatively few high-intensity storms have caused most of the soil and water losses during the period under study. A winter cover crop is effective in reducing runoff and erosion both during the winter and after it has been plowed under. The actual saving of soil and water brought about by the winter cover is considerably greater during the cultivated season than during the winter period. The canopy provided by cultivated crops is effective in reducing runoff and erosion. Removal of such crops increases the erosion hazard.