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Effects of prolamins encoded by chromosomes 1B and 1D on the rheological properties of dough in near-isogenic lines of bread wheat

Redaelli, R., Pogna, N.E., Ng, P.K.W.
Cereal chemistry 1997 v.74 no.2 pp. 102-107
alleles, wheat, milling quality, crop yield, flour, gliadin, starch, genotype, molecular weight, storage proteins, weight, glutenins, seeds, prolamins, breadmaking, baking quality, line differences, loci, dough, protein content, Italy
Fourteen bread wheat near-isogenic lines (NILs) with different alleles at lB- and 1D-chromosome loci Glu-1, Glu-3 and Gli-1 coding for high molecular weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GS), low molecular weight-GS, and gliadins, respectively, were grown in replicated plots to investigate the individual and combined effects of glutenin and gliadin components on the rheological properties of dough as determined by the Chopin alveograph. NILs did not reveal significant differences in seed yield, protein content, kernel weight, test weight, flour yield, and starch damage. On the contrary, they had a large variation in alveograph dough tenacity P (55-93 mm), swelling G (17-26 mL) and strength W (140-252 J x 10(-4). The null alleles at the Gli-D1/Glu-D3 loci, and allele Glu-D1d (HMW-GS 5+10) were found to have a strong positive influence on dough tenacity and a remarkable negative influence on dough swelling (extensibility) when compared to alleles Gli-D1/Glu-D3b and Glu-D1a (HMW-GS 2+12), respectively. On the other hand, alleles Glu-B1c (HMW-GS 7+9) and Gli-B1/Glu-B3k gave greater G values than alleles Glu-B1u (HMW-GS 7*+8) and Gli-B1/Glu-B3b. The effects of individual Glu-1, Gli-1, or Glu-3 alleles on P and G values were largely additive. The impact of the null allele at Gli-D1/Glu-D3 on gluten strength was highly positive in NILs possessing HMW-GS 2+12, and negligible or negative in NILs containing HMW-GS 5+10, suggesting that there is scope for improving dough quality by utilizing this allele in combination with HMW-GS 2+12. Gli-D1/Glu-D3-encoded prolamins were shown to play a major role in conferring extensibility to dough, and could account for the superior breadmalting characteristics of bread wheat as compared to durum wheat.