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Rheological properties of full-formula doughs derived from near-isogenic 1BL/1RS translocation lines

Hussain, A., Lukow, O.M., Watts, B.M., McKenzie, R.I.H.
Cereal chemistry 1997 v.74 no.3 pp. 242-248
wheat flour, wheat, line differences, translocation lines, rheological properties, breadmaking, baking, mixing, glutenins, molecular weight, sensory evaluation, baking quality, alleles, translocation (plant physiology), dough, duration, stickiness
Four pairs of near-isogenic wheat lines, with and without the 1BL/1RS translocation, and differing at the Glu-1 loci (coding for high molecular weight [HMW] glutenin subunits) were evaluated for their dough mixing properties, dough stickiness, and baking performance. In all 1BL/1RS translocation lines, weakening of the dough consistency occurred within 2 min past peak time. The full-formula dough from every 1BL/1RS translocation line exhibited poor dough mixing characteristics and increased stickiness compared to the corresponding wheat control. The HMW glutenin subunits coded by the Glu-A1 locus had no apparent effect on mixing properties, but did have a slight effect on the dough stickiness at two of the four stages of dough mixing. Glu-B1 and Glu-D1 loci encoded glutenin subunits produced significant changes in dough mixing properties and dough stickiness, respectively. With respect to baking performance, there was no significant difference between loaf volumes of 1BL/1RS versus control wheats for three of four near-isogenic pairs. Within the 1RS-group, the translocation lines containing HMW glutenin subunits 5+10 produced bread with greater loaf volumes than the pairs containing its allelic counterpart 2+12. Loaf volume was not influenced by the subunits associated with the Glu-B1 loci. In general, the breads baked from 1BL/1RS translocation lines had a relatively poor crumb and crust quality and contained larger gas cells than the wheat controls. In comparing isogenic pairs, the magnitude of the difference in loaf volume between the control wheat and the corresponding 1BL/1RS translocation line was greater in the pair unique for HMW subunits 5+10; the difference was primarily due to the stronger mixing properties of the wheat control.