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Cholesterol response and foam cell formation in hamsters fed rice bran, oat bran, and cellulose + soy protein diets with or without added vitamin E
- Kahlon, T.S., Chow, F.I., Wood, D.F.
- Cereal chemistry 1999 v.76 no.5 pp. 772-776
- diet, rice bran, oat bran, cellulose, soy protein, vitamin E, vitamin supplements, experimental diets, macrophages, blood lipids, cholesterol, low density lipoprotein, high density lipoprotein, blood plasma, liver, aorta, feces, sterols, excretion, lipid metabolism, food intake, weight gain, body weight, atherogenesis, golden hamsters, very low density lipoprotein
- Four-week-old male golden Syrian hamsters were fed diets containing cellulose (control, CC), cellulose + soy protein (CS), CS + vitamin E, (CSE), rice bran (RB), RB + vitamin E (RBE), oat bran (OB), and OB + vitamin E (OBE) for six weeks (n = 10/treatment). Diets contained (by weight) 10% total dietary fiber, 3% N, 20% fat, 0.5% cholesterol, and some diets had an additional 0.1% vitamin E. After six weeks, RB and OB diets resulted in significantly higher weight gain than the CC diet. Plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) values and the LDL-C/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio in hamsters fed CSE, RBE, OB, and OBE diets were significantly lower than in those fed CC diet. There were no significant differences in total plasma cholesterol values among the hamsters fed any of the diets. Liver cholesterol in animals fed OB and OBE diets was significantly lower than in all other groups. Foam cell areas in the inner bend of the aortic arch in animals fed all treatment diets were significantly reduced when compared with that in animals fed CC diet. The level of additional dietary vitamin E did not result in further significant reductions in foam cell area. The results of this study suggest that diets containing rice bran, oat bran, or soy protein significantly reduced the development of atherosclerosis in hypercholesterolemic hamsters.