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Immuno-gold localization of hepatotoxins in cyanobacterial cells

Shi, L., Carmichael, W.W., Miller, I.
Archives of microbiology 1995 v.163 no.1 pp. 7-15
Microcystis aeruginosa, strains, Cyanobacteria, hepatotoxins, ultrastructure, immunocytochemistry, Nodularia spumigena, nodulation
A polyclonal antibody against the potent hepatotoxic cyclic peptide microcystins and nodularins was used in conjunction with immuno-gold labelling to localize the toxins in three strains of cyanobacteria. Ultrastructurally, there were no major differences between unicellular Microcystis aeruginosa strain PCC 7820 (toxin-producing strain) and M. aeruginosa strain UTEX 2063 (nontoxin-producing strain), except that M. aeruginosa PCC 7820 cells had a sheath. The thickness of the sheath was about 12nm and was distinguishable from the cell wall at the ultrastructural level only when the specimen was stained en bloc with uranyl acetate. Microcystins and nodularin were found in M. aeruginosa PCC 7820 and Nodularia spumigena strain L-575 respectively, but not in nontoxic M. aeruginosa UTEX 2063. In M. aeruginosa PCC 7820 cells, microcystin was found primarily in the thylakoid area and nucleoid, with smaller amounts in the cell wall and sheath. Only nonspecific labelling was found in other cellular inclusions, such as polyhedral bodies, cyanophycin granules and membrane-limited inclusions. In strain N. spumigena L-575, nodularin was found in both vegetative cells and heterocysts with a distribution similar to that in M. aeruginosa PCC 7820.