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Characterization of the proteolytic activity of commercial proteases and strained ruminal fluid

Luchini, N.D., Broderick, G.A., Combs, D.K.
Journal of animal science 1996 v.74 no.3 pp. 685
protein degradation, soybean meal, casein, Streptomyces griseus, proteinases, chymotrypsin, proteolysis, in vitro digestibility, carboxypeptidases, trypsin, enzyme activity, feeds, rumen fluids
The objective of this research was to formulate a mixture of commercial proteases that would mimic the rate and extent of protein degradation obtained using strained ruminal fluid. The proteolytic activity of strained ruminal fluid and several commercial proteases was characterized using 13 L-amino acid p-nitroanilides as artificial substrates. A mixture of Streptomyces griseus protease, chymotrypsin, and proteinase K at .042, 2.5, and .5 enzyme units/mL, respectively, was similar to the activity of strained ruminal fluid against the same artificial substrates. However, degradative activities were different in incubations with feed proteins as substrates. The rates of degradation of expeller soybean meal, solvent soybean meal, and casein were .08, .05, and .08/h, respectively, using the enzyme mixture and .03, .15, and .24/h using strained ruminal fluid. A second experiment compared degradative activity of S. griseus protease at .066 enzyme units/ mL, ficin at .5 enzyme units/mL, and a mixture of trypsin, carboxypeptidase B, chymotrypsin, and carboxypeptidase A at 116.6, .5, 2.5, and .5 enzyme units/mL, respectively. Protein degradation rates obtained with strained ruminal fluid were two to six times faster than those obtained with the enzyme mixtures. A third experiment compared the degradability of 15 feed proteins with the mixture of trypsin, carboxypeptidase B, chymotrypsin and carboxypeptidase A to that with strained ruminal fluid. Degradation rates obtained using strained ruminal fluid ranged from .007 to .217/h; degradation rates using the enzyme mixture ranged from .010 to .079/h and were lower (P = .004) than with strained ruminal fluid. Overall, the experiments indicated that the commercial enzymes tested did not mimic the protein degradative activity of strained ruminal fluid.