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Determination of digesta fill and passage rate from nonabsorbed particulate phase markers using the single dosing method

Holleman, D. F., White, R. G.
Canadian journal of zoology 1989 v.67 no.2 pp. 488-494
sheep, digesta, dose response, feces, sampling
A method is given for analyzing particulate digestive marker data in terms of digesta fill, fecal output, and digesta passage times. The method applies the Stewart – Hamilton Principle to data obtained from a single marker dosing followed by feces sampling; it assumes steady-state conditions for the digesta, but makes no assumptions concerning compartmentalization of digesta. Data analyses are presented for an experiment with sheep in which a particle phase marker, cerium-141 chloride, was used. The estimate of fecal output obtained was 1.8 ± 2.2% (mean percent difference ± SE) greater than the actual fecal output; the in vivo estimate of total digesta fill was 3.3 ± 3.4% less than measured digesta fill. For comparison, the present data were also analyzed using two established compartment modeling approaches, namely a time-independent and a time-dependent two-compartment model. The only significant difference between the estimated parameters as obtained from the Stewart – Hamilton method and the compartmental models was a significantly shorter transit time as estimated by the time-dependent model.