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Molecular mapping of Aegilops speltoides derived leaf rust resistance gene Lr28 in wheat

Cherukuri, Durga Prasad, Gupta, Sudhir Kumar, Charpe, Ashwini, Koul, Sunita, Prabhu, Kumble Vinod, Singh, Ram Badan, Haq, Qazi Mohammad Rizwanul
Euphytica 2005 v.143 no.1-2 pp. 19-26
leaves, Triticum aestivum, wheat, Aegilops speltoides, plant breeding, intergeneric hybridization, genes, disease resistance, rust diseases, Puccinia recondita, random amplified polymorphic DNA technique, genetic markers, marker-assisted selection, gene segregation, chromosome mapping, linkage (genetics)
In a segregating homozygous F₂ population of bread wheat involving a leaf rust resistance gene Lr28 derived from Aegilops speltoides, six randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers, three each in coupling and repulsion phase were identified as linked to Lr28, mapped to a region spanning 32 cM including the locus. The F₂ and F₃ populations were studied in the phytotron challenged with the most virulent pathotype 77-5 of leaf rust. A coupling phase linked RAPD marker S464₇₂₁ and a repulsion phase linked RAPD marker S326₅₅₀ flanked the gene Lr28 by a distance of 2.4± 0.016 cM on either side. The flanking markers genetically worked as co-dominant markers when analyzed together after separate amplification in the F₂ population by distinguishing the homozygotes from the heterozygotes and increased the efficiency of marker assisted selection by reducing the false positives and negatives. One of the three RAPD markers, S421₆₄₀ was converted to locus specific SCAR marker SCS421₆₄₀ which was further truncated by designing primers internal from both ends of the original RAPD amplicon to eliminate a non-specific amplification of nearly same size. The truncated polymorphic sequence characterized amplified region marker (TPSCAR) SCS421₅₇₀ was 70 bp smaller, but resulted in a single band polymorphism specific to Lr28 resistance. The TPSCAR marker was validated for its specificity to the gene Lr28 in nine different genetic backgrounds and on 43 of the 50 Lr genes of both native and alien origin, suggesting the utility of the SCAR markers in pyramiding leaf rust resistance genes in wheat.