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Genetic mapping of a root-knot nematode resistance locus in Trifolium

Barrett, Brent, Mercer, Chris, Woodfield, Derek
Euphytica 2005 v.143 no.1-2 pp. 85-92
Trifolium repens, Trifolium semipilosum, interspecific hybridization, chromosome mapping, pest resistance, root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne, genetic markers, microsatellite repeats, gene segregation, dominant genes, alleles, loci, segregation distortion, linkage (genetics), linkage groups, Meloidogyne trifoliophila
Parasitic nematodes damage white clover (Trifolium repens) roots, negatively impacting forage yield and persistence. No single gene resistance to nematodes has been identified in white clover. Trifolium semipilosum (2n = 2x = 16) genotypes exhibiting either complete resistance or susceptibility to infection by the clover root-knot nematode (CRKN), Meloidogyne trifoliophila, were identified. F₁ progeny (n = 92) of a pair-cross between ‘TsR’, a plant heterozygous for the resistance phenotype and ‘TsS’, a plant homozygous for the susceptible phenotype, were challenged with infective CRKN juveniles and evaluated subsequently for root galling. Segregation analysis indicated the resistance phenotype may be conferred by a single dominant allele at a locus (designated TRKR, Trifolium Root-knot Resistance) subject to segregation distortion. TsR, TsS, and bulked resistant and bulked susceptible F₁ progeny (n = 12/bulk) were screened using T. repens microsatellite (SSR) markers. Three SSRs revealed polymorphism in TsR and the resistant bulk, of which prs090 and prs247 map to loci on T. repens linkage group D2. Progeny were genotyped with these three SSRs and 23 additional SSRs from T. repens groups D1 and D2. Linkage analysis in both TsR and TsS demonstrated macro-synteny between T. repens group D homoeologues and the T. semipilosum linkage group (designated DTₛ) containing the TRKR locus. Significant segregation distortion was detected in TsR, and recombination in the central region of the T. semipilosum linkage group was suppressed relative to T. repens in both parents. These data demonstrate the opportunities and challenges for comparative mapping in Trifolium and characterisation of loci conferring resistance to plant-parasitic nematodes.