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New combination for the therapy of canine otitis externa I Microbiology of otitis externa

G. Kiss, Sz. Radványi, G. Szigeti
journal of small animal practice 1997 v.38 no.2 pp. 51-56
antibiotics, dogs, combination drug therapy, antifungal agents, otitis externa, Malassezia pachydermatis, incidence, bacteria, drug resistance
In order to compound a new drug comblnatlon agalnst canlne otitis externa (OE), 515 dogs affected wlth OE were subjected to physical examlnatlon and mlcroblologlcal analysis of their ear exudates. OE was erythematous‐cerumlnous In 83 per cent and suppurative In 17 per cent of the patlent material. Erythematous‐cerumlnous lnflammatlons were characterlsed by severe prurltus and accumulatlon of brownlsh, greasy cerumen In the audltory canal. The yeast Malassezla jmchydermat/s was Isolated from the ears of 76 per cent of the dogs, often In comblnatlon wlth Staphylococcus lntermedlus bacterla. M pachydermatls showed the most sensltlvlty, In decreasing order of efflcacy, to ketoconazole, econazole, clotrlmazole, mlconazole and nystatln. S lntermedlus Isolates were most sensltlve to amoxyclllln‐clavulanlc acld, enrofloxacln, cephalexln and gentamlcln. The mlcroorganlsm most frequently Isolatcbd from dogs wlth suppurative OE was Pseudomonas aewglnosa; In some cases Proteus, Streptococcus and Pasteurella were also Isolated. The P aeruglnosa Isolates showed the highest sensltlvlty to gentamlcln, polymyxln B and tobramycln.