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Determination of major and trace elements in the liver of Wistar rats by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry and mass spectrometry
- Takahashi, S., Takahashi, I., Sato, H., Kubota, Y., Yoshida, S., Muramatsu, Y.
- Laboratory animals 2000 v.34 no.1 pp. 97-105
- rats, liver, phosphorus, metallic elements, normal values, mass spectrometry, species differences
- Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) were used to determine age-related changes in the concentrations of constituent elements in the livers of Wistar rats of 1 week to 12 months old. At first, sample preparation and analytical conditions were investigated in order to set up a simple routine procedure for measuring multiple elements simultaneously. Seventeen elements in the standard reference samples of bovine and pork livers as well as rat liver samples could be determined with a reasonable precision and reproducibility. They were P, K, Na, Fe, Mg, Ca, Zn, Rb, Cu, Mn, Mo, Al, Co, Sr, Cs, Pb, and Cd in order of the levels of concentration in the adult rat livers. Of these elements, the five major elements (P, K, Na, Fe, Mg, Ca) were determined with ICP-AES and the others with ICP-MS. Although the number of animals was too small to draw a statistically definite conclusion, it seems that age-related changes in the concentrations of these elements could be categorized into three general patterns: (1) remaining essentially constant throughout the animal ages, as observed for P, K, Na, Mg, Ca, Rb, Sr, Cs, and Pb, (2) increasing with age, as observed for Fe, Mn, Mo, Co, and Cd, and (3)decreasing with age, especially in the early stages of growth, as observed for Cu and Zn.