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Molecular diversity and phylogenetic affinities of symbiotic root‐associated ascomycetes of the Helotiales in burnt and metal polluted habitats

Author:
Vrålstad, Trude, Myhre, Elin, Schumacher, Trond
Source:
Thenew phytologist 2002 v.155 no.1 pp. 131-148
ISSN:
0028-646X
Subject:
ectomycorrhizae, rhizosphere, soil pollution, fire ecology, forest fires, Ascomycota, heavy metals, phylogeny, ribosomal DNA, burnt soils, genetic variation, introns, roots
Abstract:
• The diversity and phylogenetic affinities of symbiotic root‐associated ascomycetes of the Helotiales are reported here based on ITS1–5.8S‐ITS2 (internal transcribed spacer, ITS) nrDNA sequences. • Mycobionts were obtained from roots of ericoid plants and grasses and from Piceirhiza bicolorata ectomycorrhizas (pbECM) on conifers and hardwoods, predominantly in burnt and metal‐polluted habitats. The mycobionts were sequenced through the ITS and compared with sequences of known helotialean taxa. • We recognized 132 fungal ITS‐sequences with affinity to the Helotiales, of which 75% (54 different ITS‐genotypes) grouped within the Hymenoscyphus ericae aggregate including Phialophora finlandia. This aggregate showed stronger affinity to members of the Hyaloscyphaceae and Dermateaceae than to Hymenoscyphus fructigenus (genus‐type species; Helotiaceae). Most of the pbECM mycobionts grouped with P. finlandia, although some grouped with H. ericae. Two genotypes co‐occurred in ericoid and ectomycorrhizal roots. • The H. ericae aggregate may be referable to a generic unit, and includes a diverse group of closely related, more or less darkly pigmented, root‐associated ascomycetes where the borders between intra‐ and interspecific ITS‐sequence variation, as well as different mycorrhizal and nonmycorrhizal root‐symbioses, remains unclear.
Agid:
1523154