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A Conserved Checkpoint Monitors Meiotic Chromosome Synapsis in Caenorhabditis elegans
- Bhalla, Needhi, Dernburg, Abby F.
- Science 2005 v.310 no.5754 pp. 1683-1686
- Caenorhabditis elegans, DNA damage, apoptosis, chromosome pairing, chromosomes, genes, meiosis, monitoring, oocytes, pachytene stage, yeasts
- We report the discovery of a checkpoint that monitors synapsis between homologous chromosomes to ensure accurate meiotic segregation. Oocytes containing unsynapsed chromosomes selectively undergo apoptosis even if a germline DNA damage checkpoint is inactivated. This culling mechanism is specifically activated by unsynapsed pairing centers, cis-acting chromosome sites that are also required to promote synapsis in Caenorhabditis elegans. Apoptosis due to synaptic failure also requires the C. elegans homolog of PCH2, a budding yeast pachytene checkpoint gene, which suggests that this surveillance mechanism is widely conserved.