Jump to Main Content
Enhanced Bonding of Gold Nanoparticles on Oxidized TiO₂(110)
- Matthey, D., Wang, J.G., Wendt, S., Matthiesen, J., Schaub, R., Lægsgaard, E., Hammer, B., Besenbacher, F.
- Science 2007 v.315 no.5819 pp. 1692-1696
- adhesion, ambient temperature, gold, nanogold, nanoparticles, oxidation, oxygen, scanning tunneling microscopy, terraces, titanium dioxide
- We studied the nucleation of gold clusters on TiO₂(110) surfaces in three different oxidation states by high-resolution scanning tunneling microscopy. The three TiO₂(110) supports chosen were (i) reduced (having bridging oxygen vacancies), (ii) hydrated (having bridging hydroxyl groups), and (iii) oxidized (having oxygen adatoms). At room temperature, gold nanoclusters nucleate homogeneously on the terraces of the reduced and oxidized supports, whereas on the hydrated TiO₂(110) surface, clusters form preferentially at the step edges. From interplay with density functional theory calculations, we identified two different gold-TiO₂(110) adhesion mechanisms for the reduced and oxidized supports. The adhesion of gold clusters is strongest on the oxidized support, and the implications of this finding for catalytic applications are discussed.